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The International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe (ILF) has initiated a new project on establishing a Youth Group of the Forum. The Group will comprise of young professionals from different countries that have an understanding of, and interest in, the issues of arms control, nuclear non-proliferation and security. While the final composition of the Group has not yet been established, its first participants have already had a chance to meet and work together within the framework of the annual ILF Supervisory Board Meeting held in Geneva, December 4-5, 2019
Understanding that 2020 will be decisive for the nuclear arms control system and consequently for strategic stability, recognizing the efforts of the above mentioned organizations to prevent nuclear catastrophe and having deliberated as a conference on June 4-5 in Rome and as a Supervisory Board on December 4-5 in Geneva, we propose the following Road Map for these most urgent actions
The participants of the 10th Anniversary Conference of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe wish to communicate their extreme concern about the present state of international security
The United States’ withdrawal from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) in 2019 threatens to dismantle the entire nuclear arms control system built over the last 50 years. It may lead to an uncontrolled multilateral arms race involving strategic, intermediate-range, tactical nuclear and non-nuclear offensive and defensive weapons. This dangerous turn of events is met with different attitude by different politicians and experts
Former Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Berdennikov on the resumption of nuclear tests. According to media in the United States, US officials are discussing the possibility of resuming nuclear tests. The main reason for this change is that, according to Washington, Moscow and Beijing are secretly violating the moratorium on such tests. The head of the Russian delegation at the CTBT negotiations, former Deputy Foreign Minister Grigory Berdennikov, discussed with Kommersant correspondent Yelena Chernenko whether or not the United States has reason to suspect Russia of violating the agreements.
While all these proposals merit consideration, achieving them requires overcoming some significant differences in perspectives. Let’s take up in turn each potential pitfall that I foresee: nuclear disarmament, the IAEA Additional Protocol, gift baskets, and so-called outcome documents. I also make a modest proposal: Postpone the next NPT conference until 2022—and hold it in Vienna.
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is the cornerstone of international efforts to stop the proliferation of nuclear weapons. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards system fulfills a vital role underpinning the NPT, reinforcing commitments to the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and providing confidence that nuclear energy is used for exclusively peaceful purposes
The topic of the first online session of Primakov Readings is “Russia and the Post-COVID World”. Among the Speakers were: Academician RAS Alexey Arbatov – Head of the Center for International Security, IMEMO RAS; Academician RAS Alexander Dynkin – President, IMEMO RAS; Fedor Lukyanov, editor-in-chief of the journal Russia in Global Affairs, chairman of the presidium of the non-governmental organization Council on Foreign and Defense Policy. The session was chaired by Mikhail Shvydkoy, Presidential Special Representative for International Cultural Cooperation
The Spring 2020 issue of Dædalus, “Meeting the Challenges of a New Nuclear Age,” guest edited by Robert Legvold and Christopher F. Chyba, examines some of the possible escalation pathways that could lead one or more states to use nuclear weapons
On April 24, the International Day of Multilateralism and Diplomacy for Peace was observed at the United Nations. At the occasion, Secretary-general António Guterres called for a "networked multilateralism, strengthening coordination among all global multilateral organizations" with the regional multilateral organizations making their vital contributions. His advice is both warranted and timely.
President Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Open Skies Treaty removes yet another pillar of the arms control architecture that supports international security and stability. This decision will erode the collective ability of the United States and our allies to monitor Russian military activities and facilities and undermine U.S. cooperation with key allies and partners
Given the sharp differences among parties to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), especially on the pace of nuclear disarmament, it was widely assumed that the 2020 NPT Review Conference—originally scheduled to begin on April 27 in New York—would be highly contentious, would fail to achieve a consensus outcome, and might even result in erosion of support for the treaty. Now that the coronavirus has forced its postponement, there is an opportunity—if the time between now and the re-scheduled gathering of NPT parties is used effectively—to prepare for a more successful conference that could contribute significantly to strengthening the NPT regime.
The last remaining reduction treaty, the 2010 New START agreement negotiated by Presidents Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev, will expire in February 2021. The Trump administration shows little interest in extending the accord. If New START dies, nuclear arsenals will be unconstrained for the first time in 50 years.
The Postponement of the NPT Review Conference. Antagonisms, Conflicts and Nuclear Risks After the Pandemic
The new coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has already inflicted great damage on a number of nations and on the world at large, resulting not only in many tens of thousands of deaths but also in economic, financial and social crises. It also forced the international community to cancel or postpone a number of important meetings, including big international conferences. One such victim, unfortunately, is the 10th Conference to review the operation of the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons – a central pillar in the current architecture of nuclear arms control and disarmament.