Fifth Anniversary International Luxembourg Forum Conference

Agenda
List of participants
Press-release
Materials
Final declaration
  • Agenda
  • List of participants
  • Press-release
  • Materials
  • Final declaration

June 4 (Monday)

10.00 - 11.30 - Opening of the Conference.

Viatcheslav Kantor – President of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe (Russia).

Rolf Nikel – Commissioner of the Federal Government for Disarmament and Arms Control; Ambassador (Germany).

Nikolay Laverov – Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Academician RAS (Russia).

Igor Ivanov – President of the Russian International Affairs Council and Professor of the Moscow State Institute for International Relations, former Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation; Corresponding Member RAS (Russia).

Jayantha Dhanapala – President of Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, former United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs, Ambassador (Sri Lanka).

Tariq Rauf – Head, Verification and Security Policy Coordination, Office of External Relations and Policy Coordination of the IAEA.


13.30 - 17.00 - First Session. The State and Perspectives for Nuclear Disarmament and Limitation

Chairman –Alexei Arbatov, Head of the Center for International Security, IMEMO; Academician RAS (Russia).

Roald Sagdeev - Director of the “East-West” Center at the University of Maryland; Director Emeritus of the Russian Space Research Institute; Academician RAS (Russia/USA).

Vladimir Leontiev– Deputy Director of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

Thomas Cochran – Consulting Senior Scientist (former Director of the Nuclear Program), Natural Resources Defense Council (United States).

Debate.


June 5 (Tuesday)

10.00 - 11.30 - Second Session. Prospects of Nuclear Non-proliferation

Chairman – VladimirDvorkin, Chairman of the Organizing Committee, International Luxembourg Forum; Professor (Russia).

The Role of the UN Security Council and IAEA in the Strengthening of the NPT Regime

Rolf Ekeus – Ambassador, former High Commissioner on National Minorities at the OSCE (Sweden).

The Non-proliferation Treaty after the 2010 NPT Review Conference

WilliamPotter – Director James Martin Center for Non-proliferation Studies and Professor of Non-proliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies (United States).

Debate.


12.00 - 14.00 - Third Session. Regional Problems of Nuclear Non-proliferation

Chairman – Sergey Oznobishchev, Deputy Chairman of the Organizing Committee, International Luxembourg Forum; Professor of the MGIMO (Russia).

Indo- Pakistani Confrontation and its Influence on Nuclear Proliferation

Robert Legvold – Professor of the Columbia University (United States).

Finding Solutions for the Iranian Nuclear Issue

Mark Fitzpatrick – Director of the Non-proliferation and Disarmament Programme, International Institute for Strategic Studies in London (United States).

Overcoming the North Korean Nuclear Deadlock

Byungki Kim – Vice Director of the Institute for Sustainable Development, Korea University (Republic of Korea).

General Debate.


15.30 - 17.30 - Fourth Session. Discussion on the Final Document

Chairman –Alexei Arbatov, Head of the Center for International Security, IMEMO, Academician RAS (Russia).

1.

Viatcheslav
KANTOR

President of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe; Ph.D. (Russia).

2.

James
A
CTON

Senior Associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Ph.D. (United States).

3.

Uzi
ARAD

Professor of the Institute for Policy and Strategy at the Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy and Strategy, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya (former Chairman of the Israeli National Security Council).

4.

Alexei
ARBATOV

Head of the Center for International Security of the Institute for World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS); Scholar-in-Residence of the Carnegie Moscow Center (former Deputy Chairman of the Defense Committee of the State Duma, Federal Assembly – Russian Parliament); Academician (RAS, Russia).

5.

Vladimir
BARANOVSKIY

Deputy Director of the IMEMO (RAS); Academician (RAS, Russia).

6.

Susanne
BAUMANN

Head of Division, Nuclear Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Germany).

7.

Robert
BERLS

Director of the Moscow Representative Office and Senior Advisor for Russia/NIS Programs, Nuclear Threat Initiative; Ph.D. (United States).

8.

Francesco
CALOGERO

Professor of Theoretical Physics of the Department of Physics, University of Rome "La Sapienza" (former Secretary General of Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Italy).

9.

Shahran
CHUBIN

Non Resident Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Ph.D. (Switzerland).

10.

Armand
CLESSE

Director of the Luxembourg Institute for European and International Studies; Ph.D. (Luxembourg).

11.

Thomas
COCHRAN

Consulting Senior Scientist (former Director of the Nuclear Program), Natural Resources Defense Council; Ph.D. (United States).

12.

Jayantha
DHANAPALA

President of Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs (former United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs); Ambassador (Sri Lanka).

13.

Anatoliy
DIAKOV

Director of the Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology; Ph.D. (Russia).

14.

Vladimir
DVORKIN

Chairman of the Organizing Committee, International Luxembourg Forum; Principal Researcher of the IMEMO (RAS, former Director of the 4th Major Institute of the Ministry of Defense); Professor, Full Member of the Academies of Military Sciences, Russian Academy of Astronautics; Major-General, ret. (Russia).

15.

Rolf
EKEUS

Ambassador; a Member of the Supervisory Council of the International Luxembourg Forum (former High Commissioner on National Minorities at the OSCE; Chairman of the Governing Board, SIPRI; Sweden).

16.

Michael
ELLEMAN

Senior Fellow for Regional Security Cooperation, Middle East office, International Institute for Strategic Studies in London; Ph.D. (United States).

17.

Vladimir
EVSEEV

Senior Associate of the IMEMO (RAS); Ph.D. (Russia).

18.

Mark
FITZPATRICK

Director of the Non-proliferation and Disarmament Programme, International Institute for Strategic Studies in London (United States).

19.

Vagif
GUSEYNOV

Director of the Institute for Strategic Assessments and Analysis (Russia).

20.

Igor
IVANOV

President of the Russian International Affairs Council and Professor of the Moscow State Institute for International Relations; a Member of the Supervisory Council of the International Luxembourg Forum (former Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation); Corresponding member (RAS, Russia).

21.

Carlo
JEAN

President of the Society for the Management of Nuclear Plants “SOGIN” (former Military Adviser to the President of Italy); General, ret. (Italy).

22.

Alexander
KALIADIN

Principal Researcher of the IMEMO (RAS); Ph.D. (Russia).

23.

Sergey
KARAGANOV

Chairman of Presidium of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy; Dean of the School of International Economics and Foreign Affairs of the National Research University Higher School of Economics; Professor (Russia).

24.

Catherine
KELLEHER

Senior Fellow of the Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University; Professor (United States).

25.

Isaak
KHALATNIKOV

Director Emeritus of the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (RAS); Academician (RAS, Russia).

26.

Anton
KHLOPKOV

Director of the Center for Energy and Security Studies (Russia).

27.

Byungki
KIM

Professor of Politics and International Relations, Directing Head of International Security Policy Forum, Graduate School of International Studies, Vice Director of the Institute for Sustainable Development, Korea University; Ph.D. (Republic of Korea).

28.

Alexander
KONOVALOV

President of the Institute for Strategic Assessments; Professor of the Moscow State Institute for International Relations (MGIMO); Ph.D. (Russia).

29.

Nikolay
LAVEROV

Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS); a Member of the Supervisory Council of the International Luxembourg Forum (former Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, Chairman of the State Committee of the USSR Council of Ministers for Science and Technology); Academician (RAS).

30.

Robert
LEGVOLD

Professor of the Columbia University (United States).

31.

Göran
LENNMARKER

Chairman of the Governing Board, SIPRI (former President of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly, Sweden).

32.

Vladimir
LEONTIEV

Deputy Director of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

33.

Ariel
LEVITE

Non Resident Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (former Deputy National Security Advisor (Defense Policy) and Head of the Bureau of International Security at the Israeli Ministry of Defence); Ph.D. (Israel).

34.

Boris
LUKSHIN

Junior Research Fellow of the Institute for U.S. and Canadian Studies (RAS, Russia).

35.

Eduard
M
ALAYAN

Ambassador-at-large, Department of North America of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

36.

Rolf
NIKEL

Commissioner of the Federal Government for Disarmament and Arms Control; Ambassador (Germany).

37.

Alexander
NIKITIN

Director of the Center for Euro-Atlantic Security, MGIMO; Professor (Russia).

38.

Vladimir
ORLOV

President of the PIR Center; Director of the Russian Center for Policy Studies in Geneva; Member of the Russian delegation at the 2010 NPT Review Conference; Ph.D. (Russia).

39.

Sergey
OZNOBISHCHEV

Director of the Institute for Strategic Assessments; Professor of the MGIMO (former Chief of the Organizational Analytic Division, RAS); Ph.D.; Full Member of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics, the World Academy of Sciences for Complex Security (Russia).

40.

William
PERRY

Professor of the Stanford University; a Member of the Supervisory Council of the International Luxembourg Forum (former Secretary of the U.S. Department of Defense).

41.

Theodore
POSTOL

Professor of Science, Technology and National Security Policy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Ph.D. (United States).

42.

William
POTTER

Director James Martin Center for Non-proliferation Studies and Professor of Non-proliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies; Ph.D. (United States).

43.

Tariq
RAUF

Head, Verification and Security Policy Coordination, Office of External Relations and Policy Coordination of the IAEA; Ph.D. (IAEA).

44.

Roald
SAGDEEV

Distinguished University Professor, Department of Physics at the University of Maryland; Director Emeritus of the Russian Space Research Institute; a Member of the Supervisory Council of the International Luxembourg Forum; Academician (RAS, Russia/USA).

45.

Evgeney
SATANOVSKIY

President of the Institute of the Middle East; Ph.D. (Russia).

46.

Alexander
SAVELYEV

Head of the Department of Strategic Studies, IMEMO (RAS); Ph.D. (Russia).

47.

Vladimir
SAZHIN

Senior Associate of the Institute for Oriental Studies (RAS); Professor (Russia).

48.

Carlo
SCHAERF

Professor of Physics of the University of Rome "Tor Vergata" (former President of the National Commission for Nuclear Physics, Italy).

49.

Yury
SHIYAN

Principal Expert on Arms Control and Non-proliferation, Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia).

50.

Maram
STERN

Deputy Secretary General of the World Jewish Congress; Ph.D. (Belgium).

51.

Fred
TANNER

Director of the Geneva Centre for Security Policy; Ambassador (Switzerland).

52.

Roland
TIMERBAYEV

Ambassador (former Permanent USSR/Russia's Representative to International Organizations in Vienna, Russia).

53.

Andrei
ZAGORSKI

Head of the Department for Disarmament and Conflict Resolution Studies, IMEMO (RAS); Ph.D. (Russia).

54.

Pan
ZHENQIANG

Senior Adviser of the China Reform Forum (former former Director of the Institute for Strategic Studies, National Defense University of China); Major-General, ret. (China).

The Luxembourg Forum Conference Considers the Most Pressing International Security Issues

On June 4-5, 2012, Berlin hosted the anniversary conference of the Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe billed as Contemporary Problems of Nuclear Non-proliferation. The experts on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation came to the capital of Germany from all over the world to consider the most pressing contemporary problems of international security.

The conference analyzed the ways to address the most important nuclear disarmament challenges faced by the global community today. The major issues for discussion included the current state and perspectives of nuclear arms reduction and limitation, the outlook for nuclear non-proliferation, and the role of the UN Security Council and the IAEA in promoting non-proliferation of mass destruction weapons. The experts discussed the efficiency of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty after the 2010 NPT Review Conference.

The conference discussed the regional issues of nuclear non-proliferation which may result in escalation in the Middle East and Central Asia, as well as on the global scale.

The experts focused on the current state of and ways to resolve the Iranian nuclear problem, as well as on the paths to overcome the North Korean nuclear deadlock.

“Over the past five years the world has seen dramatic developments in many areas,” the Luxembourg Forum President Viatcheslav Kantor said at the opening of the conference. “The world has been shuddered by economic crises, military and political environment is characterised by complex turbulence, revolutionary processes in the Middle East and North Africa have significantly altered the political landscape beyond this region as well. All these factors have a direct impact on sustainability of the nuclear non-proliferation regime.”

Over the last five years, a certain progress has been made in resolving the issue of nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament.

The execution in 2010 of the new Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms which came in force in 2011, marked the major breakthrough in this area. The Forum’s experts have emphasized the relevancy of this Treaty in the conference declarations and at workshops of the Luxembourg Forum. The Treaty put an end to the lengthy period of stagnation of the nuclear arms reduction processes and contributed as the major factor to resetting relations between the U.S., Europe and Russia.

In his written address to the participants of the Luxembourg Forum, the Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said “Russia supports a constructive dialogue with all political forces and non-governmental movements encouraging further reduction of nuclear threat. We have been closely watching the activity of the Luxembourg Forum, which comprises many renowned statesmen and experts. We adhere to the integrated strategy proposing the reduction and limitation of nuclear arsenals while ensuring equal and indivisible security for all parties involved in the international relations, taking into account the combination of factors affecting the strategic stability.”

Five years ago the Luxembourg Forum recommended to start consultations with the UK, France and China on their participation in the acceptable format in reducing nuclear forces, as well as in transparency and confidence-building measures adopted between the U.S. and Russia. This recommendation was promoted by position of Russian, U.S. and European officials, in Russian and the U.S. academies of sciences, as well as in reputable international organizations. The experts proposed initiating such consultations, primarily with the UK and France, to encourage them to adopt some of the transparency measures related to their nuclear capacity, existing between Russia and the U.S. under the new START Treaty.

As far as the situation around the development of the Iranian nuclear crisis is concerned, Kantor concluded that it had considerably aggravated over the past five years. “According to the IAEA’s February records, Iran tripled its enriched uranium output. Iran has enriched 110 kilograms of uranium to 20% by now,” he said.

“The negotiations completed late in May between P5+1 and Iran again failed to resolve the crisis,” Kantor added. “The apparent Iran’s “flexibility” is not due to the sanctions under the UN Security Council resolutions, but rather explained by considerably tougher sanctions imposed by the U.S. and European states.”

Speaking at the conference opening, former Russian Foreign Minister and President of the Russian International Affairs Council Igor Ivanov emphasized that “[t]oday the controllability level in the global policy tends to decrease, while the international relations are becoming more out-of-balance. It is very difficult to forecast long and short-term consequences of the Arab Spring in the Middle East. The humanity is facing the unprecedented security challenges which we are still very poorly prepared for.”

“The Luxembourg Forum has a special place among international non-governmental organizations, deeply involved in strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime,” Ivanov added. “The Forum brought together world’s leading experts on nuclear arms and means of delivery non-proliferation and became an authoritative platform to address the key nuclear security issues. Its opinion is respected and proposals are in demand.”

Speaking about obstacles to cooperation between Russia and the United States on the ballistic missile defence, Viatcheslav Kantor emphasized that the Forum’s experts are optimistic about prospects to reach compromise based on the recent developments, representing variants of the European missile defence shield architecture and confidence-building measures which may be approved by leadership of Russia, the U.S. and NATO. According to Kantor this might open a door to close cooperation in this area.

The Berlin conference of the Luxembourg Forum was attended by former United States Secretary of Defense William Perry, Vice President of the Russian Academy of Sciences Nikolay Laverov, former Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov, Federal Commissioner for Disarmament and Arms Control at the German Federal Foreign Office Rolf Nikel, President of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs Jayantha Dhanapala, Director of the East-West Center at the University of Maryland, Academician of the Russian Academy of Science Roald Sagdeev and other renowned experts and statesmen.

The conference marked five years since the Forum founding in 2007. Since its inception, the Luxembourg Forum has held 14 conferences, seminars and workshops in Washington, Moscow, Luxembourg, Rome, Vienna, Geneva and Stockholm. As the outcome, the Berlin conference will circulate to leaders of world powers and principal international organizations (the UN, IAEA, NATO, CSTO, OSCE and others) specific proposals on resolution of the most pressing issues of the nuclear security. Such documents are regularly prepared by the Luxembourg Forum’s experts following each public event. Most of the addressees have taken into consideration the recommendations contained in these documents, which is proved by their replies.

* * *

The International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe was established pursuant to a decision of the International Conference on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe, held in Luxembourg on May 24-25, 2007. The Forum’s Advisory Council includes 57 most reputable and world-renowned experts from 14 states.

The Forum is one of the most representative non-governmental organizations uniting leading world experts on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, arms reduction and limitation.TheForum is headed by its President, Viatcheslav Kantor, PhD. The principal guiding bodies of the Forum are the International Advisory Council (IAC) and the Supervisory Council (SC).

The Forum’s priorities are to analyze threats imposed by nuclear arms proliferation and elaborate actual proposals and recommendations on the ways to further reduce nuclear arms, strengthen nuclear and missile non-proliferation regime, counteract acquisition of nuclear weapons and technologies by unstable regimes and terroristic organizations, resolve the Iranian and North Korean nuclear crises. Reduction of nuclear threats is closely connected to conventional arms balance, development of precision weapons and perspectives of cooperation between states on ballistic missile defence.

DECLARATION
Of the Fifth Anniversary Conference of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe
“Contemporary Problems of Nuclear Non-Proliferation”
(June 4-5, 2012, Berlin)

Participants of the Conference appreciate the significant work undertaken by the Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe since its inception five years ago.

During this time the Luxembourg Forum conducted twelve conferences, workshops and seminars dedicated to the most important and urgent problems concerning nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and international security. Representatives of the Luxembourg Forum have met with high officials of the leading nations and international organizations, among them, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Sergey Lavrov, First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Andrey Denisov, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Sergey Ryabkov, Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation Anatoly Antonov, Acting Under Secretary of State Rose Gottemoeller, Director General of IAEA Mohamed ElBaradei.

During the last five years the Luxembourg Forum has addressed US-Russian security relationships as well as regional conflicts and broader proliferation matters. The Luxembourg Forum has published eight books and booklets reflecting the discussions and findings of the conference and workshops. On the basis of the meetings of the Luxembourg Forum the participants adopted twelve final documents which were presented to the leaders of states and organizations both regional and global (UN, IAEA, OSCE, EU, NATO, CSTO). In response to these final documents a number of letters of support and encouragement were received, among them letters from the Secretary General of the United Nations, the President of the European Commission, the Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

The Luxemburg Forum received direct commendations from the Presidents of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov. The activity of the Forum was mentioned in the speeches of the officials, works of well known specialists and reports of international expert community.

The Luxembourg Forum fully endorses the vision of a nuclear weapons free world revived by prominent American statesmen (George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger, Sam Nunn) and supported by many well-known political and public figures of a number of other countries including the Russian Federation (Yevgeny Primakov, Igor Ivanov, Evgeny Velikhov, Mikhail Moiseyev). The activities of the Luxembourg Forum have been aimed at promoting this idea in various practical ways and agreements pertaining to specific issues of nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament.

The participants of the Fifth Anniversary Conference are deeply concerned by the new deadlock and growing controversies among the great powers, foremost between Russia and the United States, over the prospects and conditions for further nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. This is all the more disheartening after considerable breakthroughs achieved in the context of the “reset” of Russian-American security relations in 2009-2012: signing and ratification of the New START Treaty, successful outcome of the Eighth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, and the adoption of the documents of Nuclear Security Summits in Washington and Seoul.

In the meantime the arms race is continuing as well as the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the delivery systems in the world. Regional crises and armed conflicts as well as acts of non-state terror may escalate in scale, geography, destruction and fatalities. This is especially the case in the Middle East, South Asia and the Korean Peninsula as extensively debated in the UN and the IAEA. These problems were in the center of the discussions of the Luxembourg Forum.

The participants of the Fifth Anniversary Conference of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe dedicated to “Contemporary Problems of Nuclear Non-Proliferation” call on the leaders of the Russian Federation and of the United States, their allies and all responsible nations, as well as international organizations, to apply the necessary political will, flexibility and ingenuity in order to overcome the present impasse and resume consistent steps along the way of nuclear disarmament, enhancing non-proliferation regimes and facilitating cooperative international security at large.