EXPERTS: STRATEGIC STABILITY IN THE WORLD IS FALLING TO ITS LOWEST LEVEL IN HALF A CENTURY
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The experts of the Luxembourg Forum for the Prevention of a Nuclear Disaster have said that global strategic stability and nuclear security are facing the worst crisis in half a century since the first international treaties were concluded.
"There have been difficult times, but worse than now, it was not, nor was it before (at this scale) the risk of total erosion of the principles of science," said Vladimir Davorkin, chief scientist at the Institute of Economics and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Strategic stability ” there was no such a difficult situation. "
With this view, former US Defense Secretary William Perry agrees. "For the Trump administration, the new norm is not to negotiate any new treaties and systematically exit those agreements that were already in place when they came to power."
Perry said the new system's architect, John Bolton's national security adviser, who was the initiator in 2001, withdrew the US from the missile defense treaty and is now destroying the "agreement of fundamental importance" – the Medium- and Short-Term Missile Treaty.
According to him, Trump destroyed the situation, which existed in relations between the United States and Russia for 50 years.
"If we do, for the first time in half a century, we will have no agreed limits on nuclear weapons and we will not have any bilateral negotiations," Perry said.
START III, an extension of START I, signed on 30 June 1991 in Moscow, was signed by Russia and the United States on 8 April 2010 in Prague, The new treaty replaces the old one, which expired in December 2009, and START III entered into force on February 5, 2011.
START III obligates the US and Russian sides to undertake mutual reductions of strategic nuclear arsenals and provides for a reduction, over a period of 7 years, of nuclear warheads to 1,550 heads, the reduction of intercontinental ballistic missiles, ballistic missiles launched from submarines and heavy launchers To 700 units. The document was designed to be implemented within 10 years, with the possibility of extending it for another 5 years, by mutual agreement between the signatory parties.
The treaty obligates Russia and the United States to exchange information on the number of warheads twice a year. A START III agreement on strategic arms and nuclear attack was reached after tough negotiations that faced many obstacles, including Moscow's insistence that the agreement include a "clear phrase" clearly referring to the "missile shield" Washington intends to deploy in Europe Eastern.