- Forum's publications
- Forum's publications
The International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe (ILF) has initiated a new project on establishing a Youth Group of the Forum. The Group will comprise of young professionals from different countries that have an understanding of, and interest in, the issues of arms control, nuclear non-proliferation and security. While the final composition of the Group has not yet been established, its first participants have already had a chance to meet and work together within the framework of the annual ILF Supervisory Board Meeting held in Geneva, December 4-5, 2019
Understanding that 2020 will be decisive for the nuclear arms control system and consequently for strategic stability, recognizing the efforts of the above mentioned organizations to prevent nuclear catastrophe and having deliberated as a conference on June 4-5 in Rome and as a Supervisory Board on December 4-5 in Geneva, we propose the following Road Map for these most urgent actions
The participants of the 10th Anniversary Conference of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe wish to communicate their extreme concern about the present state of international security
President Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Open Skies Treaty removes yet another pillar of the arms control architecture that supports international security and stability. This decision will erode the collective ability of the United States and our allies to monitor Russian military activities and facilities and undermine U.S. cooperation with key allies and partners
Given the sharp differences among parties to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), especially on the pace of nuclear disarmament, it was widely assumed that the 2020 NPT Review Conference—originally scheduled to begin on April 27 in New York—would be highly contentious, would fail to achieve a consensus outcome, and might even result in erosion of support for the treaty. Now that the coronavirus has forced its postponement, there is an opportunity—if the time between now and the re-scheduled gathering of NPT parties is used effectively—to prepare for a more successful conference that could contribute significantly to strengthening the NPT regime.
The last remaining reduction treaty, the 2010 New START agreement negotiated by Presidents Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev, will expire in February 2021. The Trump administration shows little interest in extending the accord. If New START dies, nuclear arsenals will be unconstrained for the first time in 50 years.
The Postponement of the NPT Review Conference. Antagonisms, Conflicts and Nuclear Risks After the Pandemic
The new coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has already inflicted great damage on a number of nations and on the world at large, resulting not only in many tens of thousands of deaths but also in economic, financial and social crises. It also forced the international community to cancel or postpone a number of important meetings, including big international conferences. One such victim, unfortunately, is the 10th Conference to review the operation of the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons – a central pillar in the current architecture of nuclear arms control and disarmament.
Following the abrogation of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty in 2019, no steps are being considered for prevention of a new arms race with medium-range missiles. Discussions about extending the 2011 New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) between the United States and Russia, beyond its February 2021 expiration date, have stagnated. As a direct effect of the pandemic, on-site inspections, which are a key element of the New START verification regime, have been interrupted. The 50th Review Conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), scheduled for April/May 2020 in New York, has been postponed until next year.
The novel coronavirus has put some of humanity’s gravest problems on the back burner. One of these is the threat of a nuclear war. Doctors and virologists promise that the pandemic will eventually end, but the threats posed by globally accumulated nuclear arsenals will not disappear. Will there be a new, more terrible misfortune after the coronavirus — a nuclear arms race? The Army Standard discussed this issue with a leading expert in the field, former chief of the military security department of the Russian Security Council, participant of the Russian-American strategic offensive arms negotiation process, Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces General Staff (1994-1996), Colonel General Viktor Yesin
Humanitarian cooperation is underway and needs to be expanded We should not exaggerate the possibility of serious changes in relations between Russia and the West, in particular between Russia and the United States, at the very least because those relations are in good shape today due to the fact that they are mainly based on the relationship between Presidents Putin and Trump.
Alexander Bovin passed away 16 years ago, on 29 April 2004. It did not feel wise to wait another four years to share my memories on the twentieth anniversary of his death. After all, we are in the middle of a pandemic. I met Alexander Bovin for the first time in December 1991. In later years, much would be written about his life and career. That he was a consultant to Yuri Andropov, the then-secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. That he served as a speechwriter for Leonid Brezhnev. That he participated in negotiations with Czechoslovakia during the Prague Spring of 1968.
On 6 March 2020 the leading Brazilian daily Folha de São Paulo published a front-page article [in Portuguese] based on an extensive interview with Pugwash President Sergio Duarte on the current security situation and the prospects for the forthcoming NPT Review Conference.